(1650 to 1800 Ma)Gneissic rocks with complex histories, typically with well developed, light-colored granitoid layers and dark-colored biotite- and amphibole-rich layers. This unit includes variably mylonitic gneisses in metamorphic core complexes that have been exhumed from middle crustal levels by large-displacement middle Tertiary normal faults, and gneiss exposed at scattered locations near the Colorado River in southwestern Arizona.These rocks are interpreted to record Proterozoic, Mesozoic, and Tertiary metamorphism and deformation.Pumpkin Ground and Beardsley Members of Harrison Gneiss, formerly considered conformable metavolcanic members, are here recognized as juxtaposed metaplutonic units and are renamed the Beardsley and Pumpkin Ground orthogneisses.Isotopic dating yields crystallization ages of 428 /-2 Ma (Early Silurian) for the Pumpkin Ground and 446 /-2 Ma (Late Ordovician) for the Beardsley.Cragford Phyllite -- interbedded fine-grained graphite-chlorite-sericite schist and phyllite, garnet-sericite schist and phyllite, graphite-quartz-sericite phyllite, locally feldspathic biotite gneiss, calc-silicate rock, and quartzite.Cutnose Gneiss -- cyclically interbedded fine-grained quartz-biotite feldspathic gneiss, graphite-chlorite-sericite schist, locally thin interbeds of graphite-quartz-sericite phyllite, and quartzite.
Talladega Group; Lay Dam Formation, unnamed diamictite facies - Unnamed diamictite facies of Lay Day Formation in Coosa and Chilton Counties consists of cobbles and boulders of carbonate, pelitic rocks, quartzite, chert, felsic plutonic rocks, and gneiss in a metagraywacke matrix.
These rocks commonly are characterized by steep, northeast-striking foliation.
(1600-1800 Ma)Metasedimentary rocks, mostly derived from sandstone and shale, with minor conglomerate and carbonate rock.
Age of the Beardsley based on analysis of seven zircon and two sphene fractions.
The Harrison Gneiss as described by Rodgers (1985) has no stratigraphic significance and cannot be correlated regionally (Sevigny and Hanson, 1993).